Canadian Surgical Technologies and Advanced Robotics (CSTAR)
robotics surgery - Our People
Bainbridge, Daniel Patel, Rajni
Chin, Joseph L. Peters, Terence M.
Denstedt, John Quan, Doug
Guiraudon, Gerard M. Razvi, Hassan
Jones, Doug L. Reid, Gregor
Kiaii, Bob Schlachta, Christopher M.
Lownie, Stephen P. Skanes, Allan
Luke, Patrick Trejos, Ana Luisa
Naish, Michael D.  

Click here to view a list of individuals working at CSTAR in Medical Mechatronics.

Daniel Bainbridge, MD
Daniel Bainbridge completed his MD degree at the University of Saskatchewan and spent five additional years completing subspecialty training in anesthesiology. He then spent one year as a Cardiothoracic Fellow at Duke University where he learned intraoperative transesophageal echocardiography. He is currently an Associate Professor in the Department of Anesthesiology and Perioperative Medicine at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at The University of Western Ontario, the co-director of the cardiac division and city-wide fellowship coordinator. His primary interests involve cardiac surgery and image guidance.

Joseph L Chin, MD, FRCSC
Dr. Chin graduated from the University of Toronto's Faculty of Medicine and completed his Urology training at The University of Western Ontario (Western) in 1983, becoming a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada that year. He completed a Uro-oncology Fellowship at Roswell Park Memorial Institute and a Renal Transplantation Fellowship at Western before joining the faculty there. Previously, he was Professor & Chair of the Division of Urology at Western and is now Professor & Chair of the Division of Surgical Oncology and Head of the Provincial Surgical Oncology Program for the Southwestern Ontario Region. His clinical practice at London Health Sciences Centre is concentrated in Urologic Oncology. Dr. Chin has received many research grants from international and national granting agencies. His laboratory and clinical research interests are in prostate cancer management, including minimally invasive and alternative forms of management. He has been a Canadian pioneer in such procedures as robotic assisted laparoscopic prostatectomy and cryosurgery for prostate cancer. Dr. Chin has published over 100 research papers and book chapters, mostly in the area of uro-oncology.

Dr. John Denstedt
Dr. John Denstedt graduated from medical school at The University of Western Ontario (Western) in 1982. He did his residency in Urology at Western between 1983 and 1987 and completed a fellowship in Endourology under Dr. Ralph Clayman at Washington University in St. Louis. He has been a faculty member in the Division of Urology, Department of Surgery at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at Western since 1990 and is currently Professor of Urology. In July 2003 he assumed the role of Chairman of the Department of Surgery at Western. He is the author of over 200 scientific articles and book chapters and has been a guest professor at over 200 universities, national meetings or instructional courses throughout the world. In 1997 he received the Gold Cystoscope Award from the American Urological Association and is the only Canadian to have won this award that is one of the highest honours in the American Urological Association. He is a member of many national and international organizations and serves on the editorial board of most major urology journals. His clinical practice at St. Joseph’s Hospital, St. Joseph’s Health Care, London is primarily in endourology with research interests in urolithiasis, biofilms, lasers and minimally invasive techniques in urology.

Dr. Gerard M. Guiraudon
Dr. Gerard M. Guiraudon is Emeritus Professor of Surgery at The University of Western Ontario (Western), Scientist in the Imaging Research Group at Robarts Research Institute, and Lawson Scientist at CSTAR. He is internationally recognized for his work in arrhythmia surgery and basic understanding of cardiac electrophysiology. He is the recipient of numerous awards during his career. Dr. Guiraudon has a special interest in bio-engineering with an honorary lectureship in the department of Medical Biophysics at Western. Dr. Guiraudon has developed a special interest in translational science and multidisciplinary studies.

Doug L. Jones, B Sc, B Sc (H), MSc, PhD, FACC
Dr. Doug L. Jones is a Professor in the departments of Physiology & Pharmacology and Medicine (Cardiology) at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at The University of Western Ontario (Western) and a Professor in the Graduate Program of Neuroscience, Western. He is also a Scientist at CSTAR and the Imaging Group at Robarts Research Institute. He is the Vice-President (President-elect) of the Canadian Physiological Society and has over 40 years of research experience in cardiovascular disease: improving diagnostic procedures; developing bioelectric devices and novel therapeutic regimes. His present research is on heart arrhythmia as well as developing procedures for minimally-invasive, robotic-assisted surgery on the beating heart. He has published over 450 manuscripts, book chapters, technical reports and abstracts from his work and has been faculty advisor and supervisor to over 130 graduate, undergraduate students and postdoctoral fellows. He is Associate Editor of the Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology as well as reviewing for several other international journals and grant review panels.

Bob Kiaii, MD
Dr. Bob Kiaii is an Associate Professor in the Department of Surgery at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at The University of Western Ontario.  He is a cardiac surgeon and Director of the Minimally Invasive Robotic Cardiac Surgery Program in the Division of Cardiac Surgery at the London Health Sciences Centre.  He is also one of the founding members and an active scientist at CSTAR. Dr. Kiaii has performed ground-breaking robotic-assisted cardiac procedures. His primary interests are in minimally invasive cardiac surgery including surgical treatment of atrial fibrillation, mitral valve procedures, and coronary artery revascularization.

Stephen P. Lownie, MD, FRCSC
Dr. Stephen Lownie is a Neurosurgeon and Neurointerventionalist with a primary interest in vascular diseases of the brain. He is currently Associate Professor in the Departments of Clinical Neurological Sciences, Diagnostic Radiology and Otolaryngology at The University of Western Ontario (Western) and London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC). He served as Chief of the Division of Neurosurgery from 2000 to 2005 and has also served as Co-Chair / Co-Chief of the Department of Clinical Neurological Sciences since 2000. Dr. Lownie obtained his medical degree at Dalhousie University followed by Neurosurgical residency training at Western. Subsequent education included a two-year fellowship in diagnostic and interventional Neuroradiology at Western followed by a one-year clinical fellowship at the University of California, Los Angeles. Dr. Lownie has been a staff Neurosurgeon at LHSC since 1992. Currently, Dr. Lownie’s group is nearing the completion of a 10-year project to introduce novel intra-operative angiography equipment into the operating room which will improve quality of care for brain aneurysm patients. Dr. Lownie also conducts clinical research into selective brain hypothermia for aneurysm treatment, which includes a collaborative industry partnership with Thermopeutix Inc., San Diego, California in the development of novel catheter technologies.

Patrick PW Luke, MD, FRCSC
Dr. Patrick Luke graduated from the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine in 1993 and subsequently completed his Urology training at The University of Western Ontario (Western). He became a Fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in 1998, and completed a clinical fellowship in transplantation at the University of Pittsburgh and research fellowships at the University of Pittsburgh and Western. He is the surgical director of kidney/pancreas transplantation at Western. His clinical practice focuses on renal/pancreas transplantation as well as minimally-invasive laparoscopic and robotic surgery. His research interests include basic and translational laboratory studies in immunology as it pertains to transplantation and organ failure. As well, he has preclinical and clinical interests in telementoring and telesurgery.

Michael D. Naish, PhD
Michael D. Naish is an Assistant Professor in the Department of Mechanical and Materials Engineering at The University of Western Ontario with a cross-appointment in Electrical and Computer Engineering. He is also an Associate Scientist at Lawson. He received a B.Sc. degree in Computer Science and a B.E.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering from Western in 1996, a M.A.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of British Columbia in 1999, and a Ph.D. degree in Mechanical and Industrial Engineering from the University of Toronto in 2004. Dr. Naish's research interests are in the areas of mechatronics, robotics, intelligent control, minimally-invasive surgery (MIS), vision and sensing systems. He is involved in the development of tools for MIS tumour localization, a mechatronic device for natural orifice transluminal endoscopic surgery (NOTES), sensorized laparoscopic tools for surgical skills assessment and the haptic control of surgical robotic manipulators.

Rajni Patel, PhD
Dr. Rajni Patel holds a Tier-1 Canada Research Chair in Advanced Robotics and Control and is a Distinguished University Professor at The University of Western Ontario. He is the Director of Engineering at CSTAR and a Scientist at Lawson. Rajni is a leading scientist with expertise in the area of robotics and other mechatronic systems and haptics.  He is an internationally renowned researcher with over 25 years of experience in the design and control of advanced robotic systems with the focus in the last eight years on applications in minimally invasive surgery and therapy. He has published over 300 refereed journal and conference papers and 9 books and monographs in these areas.

Stephen E Pautler BSc, MD, FRCSC
Dr. Stephen Pautler attended the University of Waterloo and completed a Honours, Co-operative Chemistry degree. Dr. Pautler graduated from the University of Calgary medical school in 1995 and subsequently completed the urology residency at The University of Western Ontario (Western). He became a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in 2000. Dr. Pautler spent two years at the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland performing both clinical and basic science research in minimally invasive interventions for urologic cancers, before joining the staff at St. Joseph's Hospital (St. Joseph's Health Care, London) as an Assistant Professor with the Department of Surgery at Schulich School of Medicine and Dentistry, Western in July 2002. Dr. Pautler was cross-appointed to the Department of Oncology in 2005. He has co-authored more than 50 peer-reviewed articles, several chapters and has presented at numerous international urology meetings. His current interests include surgical robotics and urologic laparoscopy with the application of minimally-invasive surgical techniques and image-guided ablative procedures for urologic cancers. Dr. Pautler is the co-director of the Endourology fellowship program and participates in the Society of Urologic Oncology fellowship program at Western.

Terence M. Peters, PhD
Dr. Terence M. Peters is an Executive Member and Treasurer of the MICCAI Board (Medical Image Computing and Computer-Assisted Intervention; MICCAI is the international flagship of image-guided research. Dr Peters Chaired MICCAI 3003 (Montreal) and the society secretariat is based at Robarts.

Doug Quan, MD, MSc, FRCSC, FACS
Dr. D. Quan is a transplant and HPB surgeon at London Health Sciences Centre whose research interests include laparoscopic and robotic applications to complex hepatopancreatobiliary surgical procedures. Dr. Quan is also interested in the expansion of acceptable donor criteria for clinical liver transplantation including fatty liver, older donors, and donation after cardiac death. This has translated into a laboratory investigation of the mechanisms of ischemia-reperfusion injury in rodent models and using novel interventions such as shRNA to ameliorate the degree of injury. Areas of research include minimally invasive approaches to hepatobiliary disease, expanding donor criteria for organ transplantation and Ischemia-reperfusion injury in the liver.

Hassan Razvi
Dr. Hassan Razvi graduated from the University of Saskatchewan College of Medicine in 1988. After a one year rotating internship in Akron, Ohio, he then went on to complete Urology residency training at The University of Western Ontario (Western). Fellowship training followed in Endourology at Western and Prostate Disorders at the New York Hospital-Cornell Medical Centre in New York City. He joined the faculty at Western in 1995. Clinical and research interests have focused on various aspects of urinary stone disease and novel treatments for benign prostatic hyperplasia and prostate cancer. During his career, Dr. Razvi has held a number of leadership positions locally and nationally, including Urology Residency Program Director, President of the Medical Staff Organization and Chairman of the Canadian Urological Association Research Scholarship Foundation. He is currently the Chairman of Urology at Western and Chief of Urology at the London Health Sciences Centre and St. Joseph’s Health Care, London. He is also Treasurer of the Northeastern Section of the American Urological Association and Chairman of the Guidelines Committee of the Canadian Urological Association.

Gregor Reid
Dr. Gregor Reid is a Professor of Microbiology and Immunology, and Surgery at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at The University of Western Ontario (Western). He is Assistant Director at Lawson, and Director of the Canadian Research and Development Centre for Probiotics. His research is primarily on the role of beneficial bacteria and probiotics on health in the urogenital tract in women. He collaborates with several members of the Urology Division and scientists in Canada and other countries. Dr. Reid has project on anti-infective, anti-inflammatory and anti-encrustation properties of probiotic bacteria ongoing, from in vitro studies to clinical trials in several national and international centres. He has published over 285 peer-reviewed papers, mostly on probiotics and urinary tract infections. He holds 28 patents and has presented over 350 seminars in 36 countries. He has been Chair of the United Nations/World Health Organization Expert Consultation and Working Group, and has been a reviewer for 66 journals and 28 agencies (including NIH, CIHR, Kidney Foundation and others in Ireland, Czech Republic, Holland, New Zealand, USA etc).

Christopher M. Schlachta, MD
Dr. Christopher Schlachta is an Associate Professor in the Department of Surgery and Oncology at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at The University of Western Ontario. He is the Medical Director of CSTAR, a Lawson Scientist and practitioner of MIS at both, the London Health Sciences Centre (LHSC) and St. Joseph’s Health Care, London. He was the inaugural fellow of the MIS Training Program at the former Wellesley Hospital. He was then appointed Division Head of General Surgery at St. Michael’s Hospital, where he received awards for medical student and resident teaching.

Allan Skanes
Dr. Allan Skanes is currently the Director of the Electrophysiology Laboratory at London Health Sciences Centre and Associate Professor of Medicine at the Schulich School of Medicine & Dentistry at The University of Western Ontario.  He received his medical degree in 1990 from the University of Toronto where he also completed his Internal Medicine training. He completed his Cardiology and Electrophysiology training at the University of Ottawa Heart Institute before a research fellowship in Syracuse New York investigating the underlying mechanisms of arrhythmia especially atrial fibrillation. Non-pharmacologic therapy for arrhythmia has been a main clinical and research interest.  Currently, holds grants to investigate new ablative therapies for atrial fibrillation. He has published 78 peer-reviewed papers and 5 book chapters.

Ana Luisa Trejos
Ana Luisa Trejos received her B.S. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Costa Rica (San José, Costa Rica) in 1997 and her M.A.Sc. degree in Mechanical Engineering from the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada, in 2000. From 2000 to 2003 she worked as an Applications Engineer for Progressive Moulded Products in Concord, Ontario. Since 2004, Ana Luisa has worked at CSTAR and in the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering at The University of Western Ontario as a Research Associate. Currently, she is also pursuing a Ph.D. degree in Electrical Engineering. Ana Luisa is involved in several projects dealing with engineering research for minimally invasive surgery. Her research interests include the optimization of robot performance and the design, integration and testing of mechatronic devices and systems.

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